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10 Most Popular Chinese Breads to Try Today

From stuffed steamed buns to crispy scallion pancakes, these comforting Chinese breads have been a beloved part of Chinese cuisine for centuries. 

One bite, and you’ll see why!

Steamed Buns with Pork Belly and Vegetables

There’s nothing like dipping freshly fried dough into a bowl of seasoned soy sauce. Or tearing off a big piece of soft sesame-studded mantou.


And if you’ve never tried pork and veggie stuffed gua bao, you’re in for a real treat.

These different types of traditional Chinese breads are to die for. Some are sweet, others are savory, but one thing’s for sure – they’re all incredible.

10 Best Types of Chinese Bread and Buns

Bread varieties are just as numerous and varied in China as they are anywhere else in the world.

But unfortunately, I don’t have time to talk about all of them. 

Instead, I’ve chosen the ten most popular Chinese breads to discuss. You’ll probably know many of them, even if you don’t recognize their names.

After all, steamed buns and scallion pancakes are pretty famous, even outside of China! But I think there’s a few here that’ll be new to you.

Let’s get to it.

Shao Bing (Chinese Sesame Flatbread) on a Checkered Cloth

1. Shao Bing (Chinese Sesame Flatbread)

Anyone who’s ever visited China can tell you they don’t eat many sweet foods. Dessert isn’t typical, and even snack foods are rarely sweet.

Instead, they’re savory, crunchy, and not too unhealthy. Shao bing, or sesame flatbread, is a fantastic example of that. 

Typically eaten for breakfast or as a snack, shao bing is delicious. It’s a layered flatbread often covered in sesame seeds, green onions, and more.

Each layer features scrumptious sesame paste, and the texture is super crunchy and impossible to resist. 

Mantou (Steamed Buns)  in a wooden Steamer on a Serving Plate

2. Mantou (Steamed Buns)

Steamed buns are one of the most common sights in Chinese restaurants. (That’s true for restaurants in China and America.)

Popular in Chinese homes, too, they’re large, round yeast buns but aren’t light and airy like the type of dinner rolls we’re used to.

Instead, they’re thick, heavy, incredibly bready, and filling. 

Most people make them with yeast, wheat flour, soybean oil, water, sugar, milk powder, and salt. They’re simple and plain but extremely tasty. 

In China’s southern provinces, people often make them sweeter, and you can eat them alone or with a meal.

Some people even cut them open and stuff other things inside.

Baozi (Stuffed Steamed Buns) on a Wooden Board

3. Baozi (Stuffed Steamed Buns)

Speaking of…baozi are steamed buns that have been stuffed.

They’re very similar to the mantou above. However, they typically feature a meat or veggie filling. 

Some people erroneously refer to these as dumplings.

And while they are pretty similar, dumpling dough doesn’t usually include yeast. Dumplings are also shaped differently.

Stuffed steamed buns are a popular meal in Chinese culture, and families often prepare them together by hand.

You’ll also often see them pop up in Chinese anime and manga.

Youtiao (Chinese Fried Dough) on a Serving Plate

4. Youtiao (Chinese Fried Dough)

You won’t often find youtiao in American Chinese restaurants. However, these fried dough sticks are incredibly popular in China. 

They have several names, including fried dough, Chinese churros, or Chinese doughnuts. I’ve even heard them called Chinese bread sticks once or twice. 

Despite the images conjured by words like churros and doughnuts, youtiao aren’t sweet. Instead, they’re deep-fried and slightly salty. 

When I visited China, we had them nearly every day for breakfast.

In most Chinese homes, they’re a popular accompaniment to soy milk or porridge.

Nai Wong Bao (Custard Buns) on a White Plate

5. Nai Wong Bao (Custard Buns)

Unlike most Chinese breads, nai wong bao is somewhat sweet. It’s a bread-based steamed pastry stuffed with a sweetened egg custard. 

They look and feel like typical baozi, but the filling is much sweeter than the usual veggies or pork.

They’re fluffy and fun to eat. Occasionally, chefs fill them with jam, jelly, fruit, or chocolate. Delish!

Fusion Gua Bao (Steamed Bun Sandwiches) on a Cutting Board

6. Fusion Gua Bao (Steamed Bun Sandwiches)

If you want something a bit more Americanized, try fusion gua bao.

Yes, they’re steamed yeast buns. But they’re served more like tacos, with a tasty filling almost sandwiched in the middle.

You can put whatever you like between them, though the most common choices include a mixture of meat, peanuts, and greens.

You could use them for anything, though, including a typical ham sandwich. 

Rou Jia Mo (Chinese Pork Burger) on a Round Plate

7. Rou Jia Mo (Chinese Hamburger) 

Unless you’ve visited Xi’an, China, you probably aren’t familiar with rou jia mo.

It’s a common street food in Xi’an. It’s similar to a BBQ sandwich, but the bun is different.

Thick and dense, it’s almost like a steamed yeast bun. However, it’s not as fluffy or chewy. 

The filling is often pork but can also be beef or lamb, depending on where you get it.

Baba (Yunnan ‘Pizza’) on a Large Frying Pan

8. Baba (Yunnan ‘Pizza’)

China isn’t and probably never will be well-known for its pizza. Even so, Yunnan ‘pizza’ (aka, baba) is quite good. 

The ingredients differ depending on where you purchase them.

For example, the southern regions make it from glutinous rice flour, whereas northerners prefer wheat flour. 

Either way, it’s flaky, coal-roasted, and incredibly yummy. 

There are savory and sweet varieties that feature lard with herbs and spices and rose jam and brown sugar, respectively. 

No matter which you get, you’re sure to enjoy it. 

Mandarin Roll Served on a Round Plate

9. Mandarin Roll

Mandarin rolls are another form of steamed yeast buns. However, they have a distinct, mummy-like appearance that sets them apart. 

Their taste and texture are very similar to mantou. People even eat them in the same ways – with condensed milk or loaded with warm, savory fillings.

Sometimes called flower rolls, they’re almost impossible to describe correctly. You have to see them to get the full effect.

Cong You Bing (Scallion Pancakes) on a Stone Plate

10. Cong You Bing (Scallion Pancakes)

I don’t usually save the best for last, but I did this time.

I love scallion pancakes or cong you bing. They’re hard to describe but taste incredible.

They can look like cheeseless pizzas or thin quesadillas, depending on how you make them. They’re crisp, savory, and full of earthy, oniony flavor. 

They are a type of pan-fried flatbread and are insanely good. Other ingredients often added include peppers, spices, herbs, and sesame seeds. 

Most people eat them by themselves or dipped in soy sauce.

10 Most Popular Chinese Breads to Try Today

There is something undeniably special about Chinese breads and buns. From stuffed steamed buns to light scallion pancakes, you’ll want to try them all!


  • Shao Bing (Chinese Sesame Flatbread)

  • Mantou (Steamed Buns)

  • Baozi (Stuffed Steamed Buns)

  • Youtiao (Chinese Fried Dough)

  • Nai Wong Bao (Custard Buns)

  • Fusion Gua Bao (Steamed Bun Sandwiches)

  • Rou Jia Mo (Chinese Pork Burger)

  • Baba (Yunnan ‘Pizza’)

  • Mandarin Roll

  • Cong You Bing (Scallion Pancakes)


  • Select your favorite Chinese bread recipe.
  • Organize all the required ingredients.
  • Prep a delicious recipe in 30 minutes or less!
Chinese Breads

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author avatar
NaTaya Hastings
NaTaya Hastings is a food and recipe writer for Insanely Good Recipes. She’s an educator, boy mom, dog mom, and whatever-stray-enters-the-yard mom. As a result, she's constantly cooking for both humans and animals.

Luckily, she enjoys it!

Though born, raised, and still living in Alabama, her specialty is NOT down-home Southern cooking. Instead, she loves to experiment with Asian, Mexican, Italian, and other ethnic cuisines. She has two mottos when it comes to cooking. “The more spice, the better!” and “There’s no such thing as too much garlic!”

She’s also pretty good with desserts. Especially the easy, no-bake ones.

Her favorite things are cuddling with her four giant dogs, traveling, reading, writing, and hanging out in nature. She’s also pretty excellent at Dominoes.

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