Home Articles What Is 00 Flour? (+ How to Use It)

What Is 00 Flour? (+ How to Use It)

If you’ve ever made pizza dough, chances are you’ve asked, “What is 00 flour?”

And luckily, the answer is simple: it’s a type of flour ground down to as fine as it’ll go.

What Is 00 Flour?

Navigating the baking aisle has become increasingly complex.

After all, there are a ton of different types of flour, including whole wheat, bread, cake, coconut, and even cricket flour!

Among the multitudes, you might discover 00 flour. 

This powdery substance is not gluten-free. Instead, it’s the key to creating crispy pizza crusts and al dente pasta.

Intrigued? Keep up with the times and read on to learn more about 00 flour!

What Is 00 Flour?

Double zero flour, or doppio zero, is an especially fine Italian flour used to make pizza dough and pasta.

In Italy, flour is graded based on how fine it’s milled:

  • Grade 2: The highest grade, it’s very coarse flour with a high bran content. It’s usually used for rustic bread and baked goods.
  • Grade 1: Medium-coarse flour with some bran. It’s often used in hearty bread and pasta recipes.
  • Grade 0: A versatile, all-purpose flour with a medium grind and low bran content. It’s what the Italians use for a wide range of baked goods.
  • Grade 00: The most finely ground flour. It’s very soft with minimal bran, so it’s ideal for homemade pizza dough, pasta, and pastries.

00 flour goes through the mill numerous times until it achieves its signature consistency. Think baby powder.

There are two main types of flour. And while they have the same level of fineness, the difference is gluten content:

  • 00 Pasta Flour – more gluten
  • 00 Pizza Flour – less gluten 

To clarify, the number “00” does not represent the flour’s gluten content. Double zero flour is NOT gluten-free flour.

It may be confusing because, in the USA, flour is graded according to gluten content.

So remember, 00 flour is Italian flour, not American flour. 

Bunch of Dough and Flour on a Wooden Table

Why Use 00 Flour? 

00 flour creates delicate, elastic doughs that won’t rip when rolled thin. It’s perfect for making thin, crisp pizza crusts.

You’ll understand the difference more if you’ve tried making thin crust using all-purpose flour.

All-purpose flour dough tears easily.

00 flour is actually the gold standard for Italy’s Neapolitan pizza. In short, it’s one of the things that makes Italian pizza better than any!

00 Flour vs. All-Purpose Flour (What’s the Difference?) 

So if 00 flour is a great all-purpose flour, how is it different from the all-purpose flour we all know?

Let’s take a closer look at what set them apart.

Type of Wheat

00 flour is made from soft, durum wheat. In contrast, all-purpose flour is made from a combination of soft and hard wheat.

This wheat combination creates stretchier gluten strands. This, in turn, creates a chewy pizza crust instead of a crispy one.

Amount of Protein

The amount of protein in flour dictates how much gluten it can produce. 

  • All-purpose flour’s protein content ranges from 10 to 12%. This makes it ideal for bread and baked goods.
  • 00 flour has a higher protein level of 12 to 13%. It’s ideal for dense yet light and stretchy doughs.

Texture

The finer the flour, the quicker it absorbs water. This results in tender pasta and pizza dough with just the right amount of give.

It’s why some recipes tell you to let the batter or dough rest – so the regular all-purpose flour can absorb the liquid to make it more tender.

Raw Pasta Noodles with Flour and Egg on Table

How to Cook With 00 Flour 

00 flour is best used to make thin-crust pizza. In fact, 00 flour is the crucial ingredient in the iconic Neapolitan pizza.

It contains more gluten, which makes it more elastic. So it can handle stretching without tearing. 

And when I say stretching, I mean paper-thin stretching! This means it’s also great for making pasta.

Lastly, when using 00 flour in place of other flour, remember that it absorbs more water. So you’ll need to use less water than the recipe calls for.

Where to Buy 00 Flour 

Check your local grocery or supermarket. Double zero flour will be in the baking section or the international aisle.

You can also check out Italian markets. They’ll be labeled as follows:

  • Pizza flour
  • Double zero flour
  • Tipo 00
  • 00 type

If you can’t find it anywhere else, there’s always the world wide web. Amazon would be a good place to start.

How to Store 00 Flour 

Store 00 flour as you would any kind of flour.

Place it in an airtight container and store it in a cool place. It’ll stay fresh for up to 6 to 8 months.

A Heap of White Flour on a Wooden Spoon with Grains on a Wooden Table

00 flour Substitutes 

00 flour is pretty special, so it’s hard to find a good alternative for it. 

If you’re not too particular about the texture of your pizza dough, though, you’ve got options. 

Any white flour with a similar protein content (12%) will do. Bread flour is also a good alternative, as it has a protein content of 11 to 13%. 

Just don’t expect too much. Your pizza dough will be chewy and not as crispy. 

Cake flour and pastry flour aren’t good alternatives. Their protein content is much lower than 00 flour. 

What Is 00 Flour? (+ How to Use It)

Servings

8

servings
Prep time

1

hour 

30

minutes
Cooking time

10

minutes
Calories

280

kcal

If you’ve ever made pizza dough, chances are you’ve asked, “What is 00 flour?” The answer is simple: it’s a type of flour ground to as fine as it’ll go. And this pizza dough recipe is how to use it!

Ingredients

  • 500 g (4 cups) 00 flour

  • 300 ml (about 1 1/4 cups) warm water

  • 7 g (2 teaspoons) instant yeast

  • 2 teaspoons salt

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil

Instructions

  • In a medium bowl, mix the yeast with warm water and leave it to bloom. After 5 minutes, it should be frothy.
  • In a separate large bowl, add the flour and make a well in the center.
  • Pour the yeast and water into the well, then add the salt and olive oil.
  • Use a wooden spoon or hands to mix the dough until it starts to come together. If it’s very dry, add more water in small amounts until it looks like a shaggy ball.
  • Turn the dough onto a lightly floured surface and knead for 5-10 minutes until it’s smooth and elastic.
  • Place the dough back into the bowl and cover the top with a damp cloth. Leave it to rise for about 1 hour, or until it’s doubled in size.
  • Press the air out of the dough, then divide it in two. Roll each portion into a ball, cover, and rest again for 10-15 minutes.
  • Alternatively, lightly oil each portion and place it in two separate airtight containers. Refrigerate for up to 48 hours.
  • If baking, preheat the oven to 475°F (245°C) and roll the dough into 12-inch circles.
  • Add desired toppings and bake for 8-10 minutes or until the crust is golden brown and the toppings are cooked.
  • Remove from the oven, let it cool for a few minutes, then slice and serve.

Notes

  • The calories provided don’t account for any toppings. They are based on the dough only, which is enough for 2 slices of pizza per person.
What Is 00 Flour?

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author avatar
Kim - InsanelyGood
Hey there! I'm Kim. I love running, cooking, and curling up with a good book! I share recipes for people who LOVE good food, but want to keep things simple :)

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