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20 Different Types of Lettuce Varieties

Elevate your salad game with these 20 different types of lettuce.

From classic iceberg to the more unique Batavia lettuce, there’s plenty to choose from.

Various Types of Lettuce in a Black Bowl

Lettuce is so much more than just leafy greens. They’re crispy, buttery, and great for adding moisture to a dish.

Of course, they’re also good for more than just salad.

For example, lettuce is essential in a Dutch stamppot and Endives au Jambon. And who can resist a spicy lettuce wrap?

Seriously, lettuce is so underrated! And it’s time to change that.

Below are 20 super cool types of lettuce you gotta try. So Romaine calm, and keep reading.

20 Types of Lettuce You’ll Love

The wrong lettuce can make a dish watery or bitter or… bleh. Particularly with salads. 

Some lettuce types are better raw, some are better cooked, and some are like the “IT girls” from the nineties… they can do it all!

But each kind has its own merits. And I’m here to teach you about them all! Lettuce get to it!

Fresh Iceberg Lettuce

1. Iceberg

I’m starting with a classic: iceberg lettuce.

Go to any chain restaurant, whether sit-down or fast-food, and you’ll find iceberg lettuce.

And there’s a reason for that – well, a few, actually. 

First, iceberg lettuce has a fabulous crunch, bringing texture to softer dishes. That’s why it’s found in tacos, burgers, and salads. 

Secondly, iceberg doesn’t have a lot of flavor due to its water content. That makes it a perfect base for many dishes because it lets other flavors shine.

Plus, it’s quite refreshing. 

Finally, iceberg lettuce is extremely economical. You can get a whole head for less than $2.

That’s a lot of lettuce AND it lasts a pretty long time when stored properly. So you get more bang for your buck!

Romaine Lettuce

2. Romaine

In the States, Romaine is probably the next most popular type of lettuce.

It’s commonly used in Caesar salads for its slight bitterness and fantastic crunch.

It’s quite a bit more flavorful than iceberg lettuce, but the flavor is still mild. So, again, it’s a really good base for holding flavors. 

If you’re eating low-carb, Romain is a terrific bread replacement too. Use it as a wrap, taco shell, or burger bun.

Finally, it grills well and sautés beautifully. So you can even toss it on the grill.

Aragula Lettuce

3. Arugula

Also known as Rocket, Arugula will send your taste buds sky-high with its distinctive bite.

It’s healthy, it’s delightful, and it’s loaded with peppery goodness.

I love raw Arugula, though it does cook well. So toss it into salads or throw it on a pizza.

You’ll recognize Arugula by its bright green color, small size, and oak-like leaves.

Check out my post, “What is arugula?” to learn more. 

Fresh Frisée Lettuce

4. Frisée

This frilly lettuce has a very distinctive curly look. In fact, that’s exactly why it’s called frisée – it means ‘curly’ in French. 

Frisée is a part of the chicory family, like endives (more on those later). So that does mean that it’s a bit on the bitter side.

It’s not a bad bitter, though! It’s almost refreshing. 

The bitterness is best balanced out with herbs, cream, and a bit of sweetness. So, go for a creamy honey mustard dressing if you add this to a salad. 

Butterhead Lettuce

5. Butterhead Lettuce

Butterhead lettuce is a loose-leafed variety that will have your tongue singing a sweet song.

That’s because butterhead lettuce has a lovely sweet profile and a buttery finish. 

And by sweet, I don’t mean sugary. Rather, it’s not bitter.

So it’s a fantastic way to get picky eaters to eat salad. And it has the bonus of being quite healthy and full of antioxidants. 

Butterhead is ideal for subs and wraps. My fave is creamy egg salad with a few leaves.

Loose-Leaf Lettuce

6. Loose-Leaf Lettuce

Loose-leaf lettuces are known for their flowy and wavy leaves.

Unlike their more uptight cousins, loose-leaf lettuces don’t form a tight, round head (think iceberg).

They’re mild and buttery with a lovely tender texture. 

Use them in everything from burgers and tacos to sandwiches and salads.

Coral Lettuce

7. Coral Lettuce

At first glance, you may think this has been plucked from a fish tank.

Instead, it’s a fun coral-like lettuce with tight curls and lots of pockets to catch salad dressings.

That’s why it works so well on sandwiches and salads.

Also, it has a mild and sweet flavor that works with many different dishes. Plus, it comes in a variety of colors, so it’s pretty too! 

Cress Lettuce

8. Cress

Sometimes called watercress, this tiny, tasty green is actually a member of the mustard family. Which means it’s loaded with bold flavors!

And they are delicious. 

Cress is also chock-full of nutrition, so it’s great for boosting the health of your dishes. 

You definitely want to use younger leaves because the more mature ones are pretty bitter.

But if you like that, you do you! Either way, cress is lovely on pizza, in salads, and even in sandwiches.

Endive Lettuce

9. Endive

Speaking of being a bit bitter… let me introduce you to endives. A member of the chicory family, they’re not *technically* lettuce.  

But this isn’t a horticulture blog; it’s a food blog. And this stuff sure does look the part! So for all intents and purposes, we’ll count it as lettuce.

Endives have a slightly bitter flavor and are fabulously crunchy. So, use them in salads or sandwiches when you need a crispy texture.

However, I think they’re best cooked. They’re fabulous when braised, grilled, or baked with tons of cheese. 

Bibb lettuce

10. Bibb

Bibb lettuce is a type of butterhead, so it’s smooth, buttery, and absolutely delicious.

Bibb is pretty similar to Boston lettuce, which I’ll discuss shortly. 

Light and delicate, it pairs very well with vinaigrettes. The leaves also make fabulous wraps or taco shells for low-carb eating.

Bibb does tend to be more expensive, but it’s worth it for the taste and texture.

Escarole Lettuce

11. Escarole

Like endives, escarole is a part of the chicory family. But it looks a lot more lettuce-like than endives. 

It has a bitter flavor that’s best when cooked, which is why you’ll often find it in soups and stews.

However, it does work in raw salads, too. 

Boston Lettuce

12. Boston Lettuce

Boston lettuce is another kind of butterhead lettuce that’s mildly sweet and fabulously tender.

In fact, it’s one of the more popular types of butterhead lettuce. 

You can differentiate it from Bibb lettuce by its size. Boston is larger and less expensive… so you’ll get more bang for your buck! 

Little Gem Lettuce

13. Little Gem Lettuce

Sometimes called baby Romaine, little gem lettuce looks and tastes like Romaine.

It’s just a bit smaller and has a lovely amethyst hue on the ends. 

It’s what I buy when I only need a little – knowing I’ll likely have to throw out a larger head of Romaine after a few days.

Batavia Lettuce

14. Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a French Crisp or Summer Crisp)

Batavia lettuce is like the lovechild of iceberg and a loose-leaf variety. It’s looser than iceberg lettuce but less wavy than loose-leaf lettuce. 

It’s a bit crunchy but less watery than iceberg lettuce and has a light, sweet flavor. 

I think it’s great in sandwiches!

Mache Lettuce

15. Mache

Mache lettuce is a leafy and delicate green that looks a bit like watercress, but its flavors are much milder.

It has a nutty flavor that’s tasty raw and cooked. And it’s often confused with spinach.

Luckily, you can use it in many of the same ways you’d use spinach. It’s really yummy sautéd in butter.

I recommend combining mache with other types of lettuce if you want to make a salad since it’s not very bulky.

Lamb’s Lettuce on a White Plate

16. Lamb’s Lettuce

Lamb’s lettuce is very closely related to mache.

They have similar flavors and textures. They also have very similar uses.  

Thanks to its nutty, tangy taste and bright green color, it’s ideal for side salads and as a garnish.

Oakleaf Lettuce

17. Oakleaf Lettuce

Arugula has oak-like leaves, but oakleaf lettuce takes the crown. From a distance, it’s practically indistinguishable from its namesake. 

Unless, of course, you’re looking at the red variety. But enough about appearances… how does oakleaf lettuce taste?

Well, it’s buttery, nutty, and absolutely delicious. 

Oakleaf lettuce is great in salads and wraps. It’s fabulous in a salad featuring strong flavors, like fruits, nuts, and pungent cheese. 


18. Mignonette

Mignonette is a variety of butterhead lettuce that comes in a few fun colors and is quite tasty!

It’s like the passion fruit of the lettuce world – they’re both a bit sweet and a bit tart.

Although, the lettuce is… let’s say… a lot less passionate than the fruit. 

It has a mild (though tart) flavor that works well with many other ingredients. And since it is a butterhead lettuce, it works well in many dishes.

Speckled Lettuce

19. Speckled Lettuce

Given Cruella de Vil’s obsession with spots, I daresay she’d love this lettuce. It’s perfectly speckled, with shades of greens and purples. 

Speckled lettuces aren’t actually their own variety. Many types of lettuce can come in speckles. That just generally means they’re an heirloom variety.

Chrysanthemum Greens

20. Chrysanthemum Greens

Chrysanthemum greens might not be your typical lettuce, but I love them! And they’re totally worth a try.

You can enjoy them raw or cooked, but raw is best because of the peppery bite and bright flavor.

They work really well in a mixed salad and have a much more robust taste, like spinach. 

Be sure to get young greens, as the more mature greens can be bitter. That said, cooking will mellow them out.

20 Different Types of Lettuce Varieties

Elevate your salad game with these 20 different types of lettuce. From classic iceberg to the more unique Batavia lettuce, there’s plenty to choose from.


  • Iceberg

  • Romaine

  • Arugula

  • Frisée

  • Butterhead Lettuce

  • Loose-Leaf Lettuce

  • Coral Lettuce

  • Cress

  • Endive

  • Bibb

  • Escarole

  • Boston

  • Little Gem Lettuce

  • Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a French Crisp or Summer Crisp)

  • Mache

  • Lamb’s Lettuce

  • Oakleaf Lettuce

  • Mignonette

  • Speckled Lettuce

  • Chrysanthemum Greens


  • Select your favorite type of lettuce.
  • Organize all the required ingredients.
  • Prep a delicious recipe in 30 minutes or less!
Types of Lettuce

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author avatar
Haley van der Ploeg
Haley van der Ploeg is a food writer and content creator for Insanely Good Recipes, where she authors blog posts, creates recipes, and crafts tantalizing photos.

Haley is passionate about food and its ability to gather people across cultures, languages, and generations. She believes everyone can learn to cook.

Most days, you can find Haley reading, baking elaborate cakes, and hosting get-togethers for friends and family. If Haley isn't home, she’s probably on a plane jetting off to exciting adventures and new cuisines.

She lives with her husband in the Netherlands and has taught him that vegetables *can* taste good.

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